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AnnieRuru

Advance SQL commands

Question

As usual, I only write advance guides

This guide is a compilation of SQL commands that I have used, or Questions answered on the forum
every single subject here are related to Hercules/Ragnarok Online in some ways, so you won't feel bored reading them XD

Table of Content
1. When to use *escape_sql script command
2. How to build a case-sensitive table
3. Choose a table type, MyISAM or InnoDB ?
3a. How to index a table properly
3b. Why you shouldn't use `char_reg_num_db` table
4. AUTO_INCREMENT
5. How to do IF-ELSE in SQL query ?
5a. How to update multiple rows on different conditions in a single query
6. How to show the current rank of the player
7. INSERT INTO ... SELECT ...
8. Table JOIN vs AS
9. What is the maximum string limit for *query_sql
9a. UNION

This topic is now open to Suggestions, Ideas, Improvements, and Questions ~
I'm sure many of you have some questions since the creation of this topic
You may also post up your tricks if you want to share with us

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1. When to use escape_sql script command

 

ultramage said:

if the message contains " or ' or some such special character, then after it gets combined into a single string, it will not form a correct query

.

	input [email protected]$;
	dispbottom [email protected]$;
	dispbottom escape_sql([email protected]$);

it doesn't has much differences, because it only affect 3 special characters
' <- single quotation mark
" <- double quotation mark
\ <- left slash

if I input -> haha"lala'hehe <-
it will return -> haha\"lala\'hehe <-
this is what we call, Escape a character

in hercules script, we also know we can use " symbol in any string input

	mes "Susan says :\" Today I ate 3 eggs \".";

where in the game client, you can see the " symbol in the npc msg box


let's say I have a sql script like this

prontera,153,171,5	script	Show Characters	1_F_MARIA,{
	mes "input name, I'll show you all characters name it has on that player's account";
	input [email protected]$;
	[email protected] = query_sql("SELECT `char_id`, `name` FROM `char` WHERE `name` LIKE '"+ [email protected]$ +"'", [email protected], [email protected]$);
	if ( [email protected] ) {
		mes "no result";
		close;
	}
	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
		mes [email protected][[email protected]] +" "+ [email protected]$[[email protected]];
	close;
}

this script has a possibility to be hacked
because to perform sql injection, I can enclose the string with quotation mark, then use another sql command to hack

BUT with an escape_sql command, if the user want to enclose the string with quotation mark to hack the script
the escape_sql command escaped the string, the quotation mark the user input will be escaped
thus the script will become impossible to hack


just now that script was for string input

prontera,153,171,5	script	Show Characters	1_F_MARIA,{
	mes "input account ID, I'll show you all characters name it has on that player's account";
	input [email protected]$;
	[email protected] = query_sql("SELECT `char_id`, `name` FROM `char` WHERE `account_id` = "+ escape_sql([email protected]$), [email protected], [email protected]$);
	if ( [email protected] ) {
		mes "no result";
		close;
	}
	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
		mes [email protected][[email protected]] +" "+ [email protected]$[[email protected]];
	close;
}

this is another stupid case.
1. the scripter use string input while the script just needed a number
2. even with escape_sql command over there, there is no quotation mark at all
yes this script also has a risk to be hack

because escape_sql only escape quotation mark.
that hacker don't even have to input quotation mark because it is a number
and an injection query can be sent without any quotation mark input

there are 2 ways to solve this
either use numeric variable for the input command
or enclose that ....

..... WHERE `account_id` = '"+ escape_sql([email protected]$) +"'", ....

with single quotation mark, when the hacker input a quotation mark will be escaped by escape_sql command

Reference : https://www.w3schools.com/sql/sql_injection.asp


escape_sql command for another thing is
if the player register their names containing ' or ", these characters are escaped
only happens when the server have no restriction on the creation of players name

hercules\conf\char\char-server.conf

// Manage possible letters/symbol in the name of charater. Control character (0x00-0x1f) are never accepted. Possible values are:
// NOTE: Applies to character, party and guild names.
// 0: no restriction (default)
// 1: only letters/symbols in 'name_letters' option.
// 2: Letters/symbols in 'name_letters' option are forbidden. All others are possibles.
name_option: 1

 

and this was what happened to my SQL dota pvpladder script

Quote

I'm having this DB error with the script:

[SQL]: DB error - You have an error in your SQL syntax; check the manual that co
rresponds to your MySQL server version for the right syntax to use near 's Babie
s', 1 , 1 )' at line 1
[Debug]: at ..\src\map\script.c:11553 - insert into ownladder ( guild_id, name,
currentown, highestown ) values ( 98, 'Silo's Babies', 1 , 1 )
[Debug]: Source (NPC): DOTAPVP (invisible/not on a map)

I'm using SVN 12077. But this error only happens when that certain guild would have a kill.

Silo's Babies <-- this is a guild name
you can see the 5th string has a single quotation mark

with escape_sql command, that string will turn into
Silo\'s Babies <-- the quotation mark is escaped when send to sql query

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2. How to build a case-sensitive table

this is the answer I found
http://dba.stackexchange.com/questions/15250/how-to-do-a-case-sensitive-search-in-where-clause

by default, the table creation use charset = latin1;
means it couldn't do a case-sensitive search

if you want to do a case-sensitive in a query, use BINARY

SELECT * FROM `char` WHERE `name` = BINARY('AnnieRuru');

however using BINARY might have performance hit if it is a big table
so its more recommend to convert your SQL table to collate with latin1_general_cs


let's say this is a sample table

CREATE TABLE `test` (
`id` INT(11) PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT,
`name` VARCHAR(23)
)ENGINE = InnoDB;

do an ALTER table syntax

ALTER TABLE `test` MODIFY COLUMN `name` VARCHAR(23) COLLATE latin1_general_cs;

or just put it into the table creation

CREATE TABLE `test` (
`id` INT(11) PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT,
`name` VARCHAR(23)
)ENGINE = InnoDB DEFAULT CHARSET = latin1 COLLATE latin1_general_cs;

 

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3. Choose a table type, MyISAM or InnoDB ?

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/20148/myisam-versus-innodb

Before MySQL 5.5,
MyISAM is mostly use for read-heavy + table locking storage engine = such as pvp ladder ( always select ... order by kill desc )
InnoDB is mostly use for write-heavy + row locking storage engine = such as quest script ( select ... from char_id ... only 1 row is retrieve )

After MySQL 5.6, (currently is 8.0)
just stick to InnoDB

there is only 1 reason MyISAM is better than InnoDB
- MyISAM use smaller disk usage than InnoDB

let's take a look at our MyISAM to InnoDB converter
https://github.com/HerculesWS/Hercules/blob/stable/sql-files/tools/convert_engine_innodb.sql
This converter is useful if you are using MySQL 5.6 or above

There are 4 tables that are commented out
the reason is simple, these 4 tables only read once and forgotten when server is live
since MyISAM is good at reading (SELECT) + smaller disk usage, its no use to convert these 4 tables into InnoDB


3a How to index a table properly

http://mysql.rjweb.org/doc.php/index_cookbook_mysql
http://www.dbta.com/Columns/DBA-Corner/Top-10-Steps-to-Building-Useful-Database-Indexes-100498.aspx

a simple thumb of rule, anything that is SELECT .... WHERE `field` = .....
that `field` has to be index

let's take a look at this PVP Ladder script that use Kill/Death ratio

CREATE TABLE `pvpladder` (
`char_id` INT(11),
`name` VARCHAR(23),
`kills` INT(11),
`death` INT(11),
PRIMARY KEY (`char_id`),
KEY (`kills`, `death`)
) ENGINE = InnoDB;
prontera,155,186,6	script	PVP Ladder	1_F_MARIA,{
	[email protected] = query_sql( "SELECT `name`, `kills`/(`death`+1) FROM `pvpladder` WHERE `kills` > 0 ORDER BY `kills`/(`death`+1) DESC LIMIT 10", [email protected]$, [email protected]$ );
	if ( [email protected] ) {
		mes "no entry";
		close;
	}
	mes "Current Ranking :";
	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
		mes "No."+([email protected] +1)+" ["+ [email protected]$[[email protected]] +"] "+ [email protected]$[[email protected]] +" kill";
	close;
OnPCKillEvent:
	if ( killedrid == getcharid(3) ) { // killing self should only increase death count. EG: Grand-cross
		query_sql "INSERT INTO `pvpladder` VALUES ( "+ getcharid(0) +", '"+ escape_sql( strcharinfo(0) )+"', 0,1 ) ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE `death` = `death` +1";
		end;
	}
	query_sql "INSERT INTO `pvpladder` VALUES ( "+ getcharid(0) +", '"+ escape_sql( strcharinfo(0) )+"', 1,0 ) ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE `kills` = `kills` +1";
	attachrid killedrid;
	query_sql "INSERT INTO `pvpladder` VALUES ( "+ getcharid(0) +", '"+ escape_sql( strcharinfo(0) )+"', 0,1 ) ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE `death` = `death` +1";
	end;
}

This kind of query -> ORDER BY kills/death, needs to index them together like this

KEY (`kills`, `death`)

3b. Why you shouldn't use `char_reg_num_db` table

blame Euphy for spreading this technique

There are 2 reasons why you shouldn't even touch all these variable tables

Reason no.1 This table is sorely meant for server usage
Once these data is loaded, it is process internally, and only save character data according to this configuration

Spoiler

 

hercules/map/map-server.conf said:

// Database autosave time
// All characters are saved on this time in seconds (example:
// autosave of 60 secs with 60 characters online -> one char is
// saved every second)
autosave_time: 300

// Min database save intervals (in ms)
// Prevent saving characters faster than at this rate (prevents
// char-server save-load getting too high as character-count
// increases)
minsave_time: 100

// Apart from the autosave_time, players will also get saved
// when involved in the following (add as needed):
// 0x001: After every successful trade
// 0x002: After every vending transaction
// 0x004: After closing storage/guild storage.
// 0x008: After hatching/returning to egg a pet.
// 0x010: After successfully sending a mail with attachment
// 0x020: After successfully submitting an item for auction
// 0x040: After successfully get/delete/complete a quest
// 0x080: After every buying store transaction
// 0x100: After every bank transaction (deposit/withdraw)
// NOTE: These settings decrease the chance of dupes/lost items
// when there's a server crash at the expense of increasing the
// map/char server lag. If your server rarely crashes, but
// experiences interserver lag, you may want to set these off.
save_settings: 0x1ff

Reason no.2 The `value` field is not index !

Hunting Mission Line 146 said:

query_sql("SELECT char_id AS id, (SELECT `name` FROM `char` WHERE char_id = id),`value` FROM `char_reg_num_db` WHERE `key` = 'Mission_Total' ORDER BY `value` DESC LIMIT 5",[email protected],[email protected]$,[email protected]);

This line has ORDER BY `value`, try recheck our main.sql file

CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `acc_reg_num_db` (
  `account_id` INT(11) UNSIGNED NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `key` VARCHAR(32) BINARY NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
  `index` INT(11) UNSIGNED NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  `value` INT(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
  PRIMARY KEY (`account_id`,`key`,`index`),
  KEY `account_id` (`account_id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM;

SQL will search through every single line in the `value` field if that column isn't index

Of course you can ... do ALTER table to add KEY to the `value` field
but this table has already optimized in that way for server usage
the more field you index into the table, the more disk usage space it use

Conclusion : If you want to make a custom script, then make a custom table. Leave these table alone !

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Posted (edited)

4. AUTO_INCREMENT

CREATE TABLE `support_ticket` (
`id` INT(11) AUTO_INCREMENT,
`title` VARCHAR(70),
`message` VARCHAR(255),
PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
) ENGINE = InnoDB;

In this kind of query that has AUTO_INCREMENT, many people do ....

	$support_ticket_id++;
	query_sql "INSERT INTO `support_ticket` VALUES ( "+ $support_ticket_id +", '"+ escape_sql([email protected]$) ...

can be optimize .... using NULL

	query_sql "INSERT INTO `support_ticket` VALUES ( NULL, '"+ escape_sql([email protected]$) ...

can retrieve the last row with

	query_sql "SELECT MAX(`id`) FROM `support_ticket`", [email protected];
//	----- OR -----
	query_sql "SELECT LAST_INSERT_ID()", [email protected];

 

Question : This question was asked on eathena forum board

One of my friend touched my custom table and the AUTO_INCREMENT has jump off the value

|   1   | <data set 1>
|   2   | <data set 2>
|   3   | <data set 3>
| 25854 | <data set 4>
| 25855 | <data set 5>
| 25856 | <data set 6>

I want to make the value return back to normal as shown

|   1   | <data set 1>
|   2   | <data set 2>
|   3   | <data set 3>
|   4   | <data set 4>
|   5   | <data set 5>
|   6   | <data set 6>

How to do this WITHOUT losing any of the current data ?

Answer: The trick is ... just drop that column and rebuild it

ALTER TABLE `inventory` DROP COLUMN `id`;
ALTER TABLE `inventory` ADD COLUMN `id` INT(11) UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY FIRST;

convert the table into MyISAM will process the query much faster

Edited by AnnieRuru

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Posted (edited)

5. How to do IF-ELSE in SQL query ?

Question : I have a PVP ladder script that runs on Points system. Each kill plus 1 point and each death minus 1 point.
The problem is, this query will make the points go into negative value if the player is being kill repeatedly

query_sql "UPDATE `pvp_points` SET `points` = `points` - 1 WHERE `char_id` = "+ getcharid(0);

How do I make the points stop at 0 if the player is already at 0 points ?

 

Answer :

query_sql "UPDATE `pvp_points` SET `points` = IF(`points` = 0, 0, `points` - 1) WHERE `char_id` = "+ getcharid(0);
query_sql "UPDATE `pvp_points` SET `points` = (CASE WHEN `points` = 0 THEN 0 ELSE `points` - 1 END) WHERE `char_id` = "+ getcharid(0);

 

Explanations:

similar to hercules script language,

	if (<condition>)
		<execute true condition>;
	else
		<execute false condition>;

in SQL language

	IF(<condition>, <execute true condition>, <execute false condition>)
CASE WHEN <condition>
	THEN <execute true condition>
	ELSE <execute false condition>
END

 

Reference : https://www.w3schools.com/sql/func_mysql_if.asp

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/63447/how-do-i-perform-an-if-then-in-an-sql-select


5a. How to update multiple rows on different conditions in a single query

This query will update multiple rows on different condition

UPDATE `pvpladder` SET `points` = 
CASE
	WHEN `char_id` = 150000 THEN `points` +1
	WHEN `char_id` = 150001 THEN `points` -1
END
WHERE `char_id` IN (150000,150001);

Reference : https://stackoverflow.com/questions/20255138/sql-update-multiple-records-in-one-query

Edited by AnnieRuru

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Posted (edited)

6. How to show the current rank of the player

Spoiler
CREATE TABLE `pvpladder` (
`char_id` INT(11) PRIMARY KEY,
`name` VARCHAR(23),
`kills` INT(11),
KEY (`kills` DESC)
) ENGINE = InnoDB;
| char_id | name      | kills |
|  150000 | Alice     |   19  |
|  150001 | Brittany  |    8  |
|  150002 | Chaterine |    5  |
|  150003 | Dorothy   |    4  |
|  150004 | Emily     |   11  |
|  150005 | Fiona     |    7  |
|  150006 | Gamila    |    3  |
|  150007 | Helena    |    2  |
|  150008 | Irene     |   11  |
|  150009 | Joyce     |    1  |

Question : This is the part of the script, output as below

[email protected] = query_sql("SELECT `name`, `kills` FROM `pvpladder` ORDER BY `kills` DESC LIMIT 5", [email protected]$, [email protected]);
for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected]++ )
	mes "No."+([email protected]+1)+" ["+ [email protected]$[[email protected]] +"] ~ "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +" kills";
No.1 [Alice] ~ 19 kills
No.2 [Emily] ~ 11 kills
No.3 [Irene] ~ 11 kills
No.4 [Brittany] ~ 8 kills
No.5 [Fiona] ~ 7 kills

 2nd place and 3rd place has the same amount of kills, how do I make both of them display as 2nd place like this ?

No.1 [Alice] ~ 19 kills
No.2 [Emily] ~ 11 kills
No.2 [Irene] ~ 11 kills
No.4 [Brittany] ~ 8 kills
No.5 [Fiona] ~ 7 kills

 

Answer :

Method no.1: Convert the table into InnoDB will return the result faster. Allow to use OFFSET

[email protected] = query_sql("SELECT `name`, `kills`, FIND_IN_SET(`kills`, (SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(`kills` ORDER BY `kills` DESC) FROM `pvpladder`)) FROM `pvpladder` ORDER BY `kills` DESC LIMIT 5", [email protected]$, [email protected], [email protected]);
for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
	mes "No."+ [email protected][[email protected]] +" ["+ [email protected]$[[email protected]] +"] ~ "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +" kills";

Method no.2: This method return result faster than method 1 in huge table. Not allow to use OFFSET

[email protected]$  = "SELECT `name`, IF(@d=t.`kills`, @r, @r:[email protected]), @d:=t.`kills`, @i:[email protected]+1 ";
[email protected]$ += "FROM `pvpladder` t, (SELECT @d:=0, @r:=0, @i:=1)q ";
[email protected]$ += "ORDER BY `kills` DESC LIMIT 5";
[email protected] = query_sql([email protected]$, [email protected]$, [email protected], [email protected], [email protected]);
for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
	mes "No."+ [email protected][[email protected]] +" ["+ [email protected]$[[email protected]] +"] ~ "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +" kills";

.


.

Question : How do I show the current ranking of the player ?

	mes "Your kills -> "+ [email protected];
	mes "Your rank -> "+ [email protected];

Answer :

query_sql "SELECT `kills`, 1+(SELECT COUNT(1) FROM `pvpladder` t1 WHERE t1.`kills` > t2.`kills`) FROM `pvpladder` t2 WHERE `char_id` = "+ getcharid(0), [email protected], [email protected];

Remember to index the `kills` field

 

Reference : https://dba.stackexchange.com/questions/13703/get-the-rank-of-a-user-in-a-score-table

.

Spoiler

MySQL doesn't support RANK() unlike other SQL program
so let's test with all the methods around the internet

prontera,155,186,6	script	PVP Ladder	1_F_MARIA,{
	[email protected] = gettimetick(0);
	freeloop true;
	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < 100; [email protected] ) {
		for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < 1000; [email protected] )
			[email protected]$[[email protected]] = "( "+( [email protected] + 2000000 + [email protected] * 1000 ) +", '"+ [email protected] +"', "+ rand(20000) +" )";
		query_sql "replace into testest values "+ implode( [email protected]$, ", " );
	}
	announce "done -> "+( gettimetick(0) - [email protected] )+" ms", 0;
	end;
}

build a large table, with 100,000 rows, and experiment with all of these

Spoiler

# --------------------------------------------------------------
# Create a table, test with both InnoDB and MyISAM engine

create table testest (
account_id int(11) primary key,
name varchar(23),
kills int(11),
key (`kills` desc)
) engine = innodb;

create table testest (
account_id int(11) primary key,
name varchar(23),
kills int(11)
) engine = myisam;

explain testest;
select * from testest order by kills desc limit 10;

truncate table testest;
drop table testest;
alter table testest engine = innodb;
alter table testest engine = myisam;
alter table testest add index (kills desc);
drop index kills on testest;

# -----------------------------------------------------------------
# Example script from www.1keydata.com
# this method create additional rows by power of 2
# if I have 100,000 rows, will create 10,000,000,000 rows then only start counting <-- bad method

select t1.*, count(1)
from testest t1, testest t2
where (t1.kills < t2.kills or t1.account_id = t2.account_id)
group by t1.account_id
order by t1.kills desc limit 20;

select t1.*, count(1)
from testest t1, testest t2
where (t1.kills < t2.kills or t1.account_id = t2.account_id) and t1.account_id = 2000000
group by t1.account_id;

# ------------------------------------------------------
# Best answer from stackexchange
# it has potential problem, the GROUP_CONCAT has string limit at 1024
# when the resultset return over this string limit, FIND_IN_SET always return 0
# although not useful for return current rank, this query is quite fast, probably good for return top 10 results

select *,
find_in_set( kills, ( select group_concat( kills order by kills desc ) from testest ) ) as rank
from testest order by kills desc limit 10;

select *,
find_in_set( kills, ( select group_concat( kills order by kills desc ) from testest ) ) as rank
from testest where account_id = 2000844;

SELECT length( GROUP_CONCAT(kills) ) FROM testest;

# --------------------------------------------------------
# another answer from stackexchange
# use count on a temporary table, very slow when list out multiple rows
# but with InnoDB engine and `kills` field index, return result instantly when only 1 row selected

select *, 1+(SELECT count(1) from testest a WHERE a.kills > b.kills) from testest b
  order by kills desc limit 10;

select *, 1+(SELECT count(1) from testest a WHERE a.kills > b.kills) from testest b
  where account_id = 2000844;

# -------------------------------------------------------
# a modify version from another answer in stackexchange
# ORDER by `kills` always return instantly, make this query EXTREMELY useful for display TOP10

SELECT account_id, `name`,
IF (@score=s.kills, @rank:=@rank, @rank:=@rank+1) rank, @score:=s.kills score
FROM testest s,
(SELECT @score:=0, @rank:=0) r
ORDER BY kills DESC limit 10;

set @i:=221, @score:=3230, @rank:=23230;
SELECT account_id, `name`,
IF (@score=t.kills, @rank:=@rank, @rank:=@i) rank, @score:=t.kills, @i:=@i+1
FROM testest t
ORDER BY kills DESC limit 100;

SELECT account_id, `name`,
IF (@score=t.kills, @rank:=@rank, @rank:=@i) rank, @score:=t.kills, @i:=@i+1
FROM testest t,
(SELECT @score:=0, @rank:=0, @i:=1)q
ORDER BY kills DESC limit 100;

SELECT `name`, IF(@d=t.kills, @r, @r:=@i), @d:=t.kills, @i:=@i+1
FROM testest t, (SELECT @d:=0, @r:=0, @i:=1)q
ORDER BY kills DESC limit 100;
# Note the @i will start at 1, but it left the @i at 101 after this query is run
select @i; # return 101

 

with my MYSQL 5.7,
1. InnoDB return result faster when using ORDER BY
2. INDEX the `kills` field with DESC doesn't seems to make the result return faster ...
3. and if I drop the `kills` field index, with InnoDB table type return result 4x slower. MyISAM perform even worst
4. the example script provided by www.1keydata.com totally useless, I have to cancel execution after waiting for 60 seconds

Both Methods I've shown in the answer actually do the same things, but there are difference

Answer no.1 Method 1 use FIND_IN_SET + GROUP_CONCAT
this method return the result quite fast with InnoDB, but the GROUP_CONCAT can only show the string length at 1024
in other words, when exceeding this length, all other rank will be shown as 0, because the FIND_IN_SET cannot find the data available

Answer no.1 Method 2 use SQL variables order with number of rows
this method return result fastest even with MyISAM
however due to the variable insert with number of rows, doesn't allow OFFSET

Answer no.2 calculate the rank by comparing with a temporary table
this method runs slower, but with InnoDB engine AND `kills` field index, the result return instantly when only display 1 row of data

 

 

Edited by AnnieRuru

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Posted (edited)

7. INSERT INTO ... SELECT ...

Question : This question was asked on eathena forum . Note: at the time the old mail system was unstable and not many server use it
I want to reward my players for supporting my server.
I want to give every player who are still actively login in this year (2010) an item ID 22574 in their storage
How do I achieve this ?

Answer : Run this SQL command when your server is offline

INSERT INTO `storage` (`account_id`, `nameid`, `amount`, `identify`)
SELECT `account_id`, '22574', '1', '1'
FROM `login`
WHERE DATE(`lastlogin`) >= '2010-01-01' && `account_id` !=1;

The reply from the topic starter gives a feed back, including this

		Inserted rows: 7738
		Inserted row id: 8244859 (Query took 13.6253 sec)

 

Spoiler

Now we have RODEX mail system, we can do the same with SQL commands
The query is
...
... MySQL doesn't support multiple table insertion until MySQL 8.0 ...
... Come on I don't think members will spent their time update to MySQL 8.0 just to run this query ...

WITH rmail AS (
	INSERT INTO `rodex_mail`
	( `mail_id`, `sender_name`, `receiver_id`, `receiver_accountid`, `title`, `body`, `type`, `send_date`, `expire_date`,
		`sender_id`, `receiver_name`, `zeny`, `is_read`, `sender_read`, `weight` ) # ALL these fields don't have default value ...
	SELECT
		NULL,
		'XXXRO Auto-Mail', # The name who send this mail
		'1', # 1 or 0 ? I dunno ... see bug report -> https://github.com/HerculesWS/Hercules/issues/2024
		`account_id`,
		'Reward for keep supporting Us', # Mail Title
		'Thanks for supporting XXXRO.\r We hereby give away this little present\r for ... whatever reason XD', # Mail Body. \r means line break.
		'14', # type - don't change
		UNIX_TIMESTAMP(NOW()), # send time, in UNIX_TIMESTAMP
		UNIX_TIMESTAMP(NOW()) + 14*24*60*60, # auto-delete after 14 days
		0, '', 0, 0, 0, 0
	FROM `login` WHERE DATE(`lastlogin`) >= '2010-01-01' && `account_id` !=1
)
INSERT INTO `rodex_items` ( `id`, `mail_id`, `nameid`, `amount`, `identify` )
	SELECT NULL, (SELECT `mail_id` from `rmail`), 514, 20, 1;

Reference : https://dba.stackexchange.com/questions/139950/insert-into-multiple-tables-with-one-query

Note: I just guessing this query is correct. I'm still using MySQL 5.7, and this query gave me error

 

Edited by AnnieRuru

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8. Table JOIN vs AS

CREATE TABLE `pvpladder` (
`char_id` int(11) PRIMARY KEY,
`points` int(11)
) ENGINE = InnoDB;

This table is missing the `name` field. So have to retrieve the `name` from the `char` table.

 

A simple way is using table JOIN

SELECT `char`.`char_id`, `char`.`name` , `pvpladder`.`points`
FROM `pvpladder` LEFT JOIN `char` ON `pvpladder`.`char_id` = `char`.`char_id`
ORDER BY `pvpladder`.`points` DESC LIMIT 10;

However, there is an uncommon method, the same thing can be done using Aliases

SELECT `char_id` AS `CID`, (SELECT `name` FROM `char` WHERE `char_id` = `CID`), `points`
FROM `pvpladder` ORDER BY `points` DESC LIMIT 10;

In this example, both tables `char` and `pvpladder` have the `char_id` field index as PRIMARY KEY
and thus both examples return the result in same amount of time

 

However, there is a key difference on the optimization speed if the one of the table is not index properly
The below example, `item_id`.`id` field is index as PRIMARY KEY, but `mob_db`.`DropCardid` is not index

SELECT `mob_db`.`ID`, `mob_db`.`kname`, `item_db`.`id`, `item_db`.`name_japanese`
FROM `mob_db` LEFT JOIN `item_db` ON `mob_db`.`DropCardid` = `item_db`.`id`
WHERE `mob_db`.`DropCardid` > 0;
SELECT `ID`, `kname`, `DropCardid` AS `ITEM_ID`, (SELECT `name_japanese` FROM `item_db` WHERE `id` = `ITEM_ID`)
FROM `mob_db` WHERE `mob_db`.`DropCardid` > 0;

The 2nd query that uses Aliases will return result faster than table JOIN in this case

Conclusion : If use table JOIN, you have to keep in mind that the joined column has to be index
but if use AS, there is no need to consider this issue

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Posted (edited)

9. What is the maximum string limit for *query_sql

Since query_sql sending the query as a string, we can actually use string manipulation script commands such as *sprintf and *implode

Example : *sprintf

Spoiler
prontera,155,186,5	script	sprintf_query_sql	1_F_MARIA,{
	[email protected]$ = "mob_db";
	[email protected]$ = "kname";
	[email protected]$ = "ID";
	[email protected] = "1002";
	query_sql sprintf("SELECT `%s` FROM `%s` WHERE `%s` = %d", [email protected]$, [email protected]$, [email protected]$, [email protected]), [email protected]$;
	dispbottom [email protected]$; // return Poring
	end;
}

 

Example : *implode

Spoiler
prontera,158,186,5	script	implode_query_sql	1_F_MARIA,{
	[email protected] = query_sql( "SELECT * FROM `mvp_table`", [email protected], [email protected] );
	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
		mes "ID "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +" -> "+ [email protected][[email protected]];
	close;
OnInit:
	setarray [email protected][0], // taken from my MVP Ladder script
		1086,//	Golden Thief Bug    64
		1115,//	Eddga               65
		1150,//	Moonlight Flower    67
		1159,//	Phreeoni            69
		1112,//	Drake               70
		1583,//	Tao Gunka           70
		1492,//	Incantation Samurai 71
		1046,//	Doppelgangger       72
		1252,//	Garm                73
		1418,//	Evil Snake Lord     73
		1059,//	Mistress            74
		1190,//	Orc Lord            74
		1087,//	Orc Hero            77
		1251,//	Knight of Windstorm 77
		1038,//	Osiris              78
		1658,//	Ygnizem             79
		1272,//	Dark Lord           80
		1871,//	Fallen Bishop       80
		1039,//	Baphomet            81
		1147,//	Maya                81
		1785,//	Atroce              82
		1389,//	Dracula             85
		1630,//	Bacsojin            85
		1885,//	Gorynych            85
		1623,//	RSX 0806            86
		1511,//	Amon Ra             88
		1688,//	Lady Tanee          89
		1768,//	Gloom Under Night   89
		1719,//	Datale              90
		1734,//	Kiel D-01           90
		1157,//	Pharaoh             93
		1373,//	Lord of Death       94
		1312,//	Turtle General      97
		1779,//	Ktullanux           98
		1874,//	Beelzebub           98
		1646,// Bio3 placeholder    99
		1708,//	Thanatos            99
		1751,//	Valkyrie Randgris   99
		1832;//	Ifrit               99
	[email protected] = getarraysize( [email protected] );
	query_sql "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `mvp_table` (`mvp_id` SMALLINT(6) PRIMARY KEY, `points` INT(11)) ENGINE = MyISAM";
	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
		[email protected]$[[email protected]] = "( "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +", 50 )";
	query_sql "INSERT IGNORE INTO `mvp_table` VALUES "+ implode( [email protected]$, ", " );
	end;
}

 

So, someone might ask, what is the string limit for query_sql until the map-server show error ?

Spoiler
create table testest (
account_id int(11) primary key,
name varchar(23),
kills int(11)
) engine = myisam;
prontera,155,186,6	script	test_until_error	1_F_MARIA,{
	freeloop true;
	[email protected] = gettimetick(0);
	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < 140000; [email protected] )
		[email protected]$[[email protected]] = "( "+( [email protected] + 2000000 ) +", '"+ [email protected] +"', "+ rand(20000) +" )";
	announce "loop done -> "+( gettimetick(0) - [email protected] )+" ms", 0;
	sleep 1;
	[email protected] = gettimetick(0);
	query_sql "replace into testest values "+ implode( [email protected]$, ", " );
	announce "query done -> "+( gettimetick(0) - [email protected] )+" ms", 0;
	end;
}

 

The answer is very surprising ... I just tested with above script, and it still works perfectly fine !
loop -> 64.210 seconds
query -> 3.229 seconds

it means, ahh .... or maybe ...

The answer might be ...

[SQL]: DB error - MySQL server has gone away
[Debug]: showmsg: dynamic buffer used, increase the static buffer size to 4306185 or more.

until MySQL stop responding XD

 

Spoiler
[Debug]: showmsg: dynamic buffer used, increase the static buffer size to 2061 or more.
#define SBUF_SIZE 2054 // never put less that what's required for the debug message

This src\common\showmsg.c is just a display error message ...
this means, if your query is bug, it only display the string length until this limit

 


9a. UNION

Just now the *implode example, it just shows the `mvp_id`, but if we want to display the information like this,

+--------+------------------+------------+-----------------------+
| MVP_ID |     MVP_NAME     | DropCardid |     MVP_CARD_NAME     |
+--------+------------------+------------+-----------------------+
|  1086  | Golden Thief Bug |    4128    | Golden Thiefbug Card  |
|  1115  |      Eddga       |    4123    |      Eddga Card       |
|  1150  | Moonlight Flower |    4131    | Moonlight Flower Card |

 

Spoiler
prontera,158,186,5	script	test_mvp_card_name	1_F_MARIA,{
	[email protected] = query_sql( "SELECT `mvp_name`, `mvp_card_name` FROM `mvp_table`", [email protected]$, [email protected]_name$ );
	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
		mes [email protected]$[[email protected]] +" -> "+ [email protected]_name$[[email protected]];
	close;
OnInit:
	setarray [email protected][0], // taken from my MVP Ladder script
		1086,//	Golden Thief Bug    64
		1115,//	Eddga               65
		1150,//	Moonlight Flower    67
		1159,//	Phreeoni            69
		1112,//	Drake               70
		1583,//	Tao Gunka           70
		1492,//	Incantation Samurai 71
		1046,//	Doppelgangger       72
		1252,//	Garm                73
		1418,//	Evil Snake Lord     73
		1059,//	Mistress            74
		1190,//	Orc Lord            74
		1087,//	Orc Hero            77
		1251,//	Knight of Windstorm 77
		1038,//	Osiris              78
		1658,//	Ygnizem             79
		1272,//	Dark Lord           80
		1871,//	Fallen Bishop       80
		1039,//	Baphomet            81
		1147,//	Maya                81
		1785,//	Atroce              82
		1389,//	Dracula             85
		1630,//	Bacsojin            85
		1885,//	Gorynych            85
		1623,//	RSX 0806            86
		1511,//	Amon Ra             88
		1688,//	Lady Tanee          89
		1768,//	Gloom Under Night   89
		1719,//	Datale              90
		1734,//	Kiel D-01           90
		1157,//	Pharaoh             93
		1373,//	Lord of Death       94
		1312,//	Turtle General      97
		1779,//	Ktullanux           98
		1874,//	Beelzebub           98
		1646,// Bio3 placeholder    99
		1708,//	Thanatos            99
		1751,//	Valkyrie Randgris   99
		1832;//	Ifrit               99
	[email protected] = getarraysize( [email protected] );
//	query_sql "DROP TABLE `mvp_table`";
	query_sql "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS `mvp_table` (`mvp_id` SMALLINT(6) PRIMARY KEY, `mvp_name` VARCHAR(30), `mvp_card` SMALLINT(6), `mvp_card_name` VARCHAR(30) ) ENGINE = MyISAM";
	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
		[email protected]$[[email protected]] = "( "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +", (SELECT `kname` FROM `mob_db` WHERE ID = "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +"), (SELECT `DropCardid` FROM `mob_db` WHERE ID = "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +"), (SELECT `item_db`.`name_japanese` FROM `item_db` LEFT JOIN `mob_db` ON `item_db`.`id` = `mob_db`.`DropCardid` WHERE `mob_db`.`ID` = "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +") )";
	query_sql "INSERT IGNORE INTO `mvp_table` VALUES "+ implode( [email protected]$, ", " );
	end;
}

 

	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
		[email protected]$[[email protected]] = "( "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +", (SELECT `kname` FROM `mob_db` WHERE ID = "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +"), (SELECT `DropCardid` FROM `mob_db` WHERE ID = "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +"), (SELECT `item_db`.`name_japanese` FROM `item_db` LEFT JOIN `mob_db` ON `item_db`.`id` = `mob_db`.`DropCardid` WHERE `mob_db`.`ID` = "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +") )";
	query_sql "INSERT IGNORE INTO `mvp_table` VALUES "+ implode( [email protected]$, ", " );

This part ... can be optimize with UNION

	for ( [email protected] = 0; [email protected] < [email protected]; [email protected] )
		[email protected]$[[email protected]] = "SELECT "+ [email protected][[email protected]] +", `kname`, `DropCardid` AS `MVP_CARD`, (SELECT `name_japanese` FROM `item_db` WHERE `id` = `MVP_CARD`) FROM `mob_db` WHERE ID = "+ [email protected][[email protected]];
	query_sql "INSERT IGNORE INTO `mvp_table` "+ implode( [email protected]$, " UNION " );

DONE ---- FINALLY !! 2 weeks to get this guide done XD

Yes, I knew the chapter 5 and beyond is very tough to understand ... it also took me longer time to write and test all these advance SQL techniques too

Anyway, this topic is now open to Suggestions, Ideas, Improvements, and Questions ~
I'm sure many of you have some questions since the creation of this topic
You may also post up your tricks if you want to share with us

Edited by AnnieRuru

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