Instancing

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What is instancing?

Instancing is the process of duplicating a previously existing map, replicating it into one unique instance and copying the NPCs from the original map, onto the new one. And instanced map applies for only a single party and it's members. Using this system, a party can have exclusive access to one map, where no-one else can access it unless in the party.

How to...

Before you start, you have to choose the map, that you want to have instanced. Various restrictions are put on the map names on client-side. If you ignore them, the client usually crashes upon entering the instanced map.

  • Only maps, that begin with a number and @ (e. g. [email protected]) are recognized as instance map by the client. If you want to use a map, that does not match this naming scheme, just must attach it with emulation (parameter <use basename> in command instance_attachmap), which makes the client think, that it is on the actual map, instead of an instance.
  • Map name length limitations:
    • For emulated instance maps you cannot use maps, whose names are longer than 7 characters, because the instance map name is composed of 3 digits, followed by # and the original map name.
    • For client-recognized instance maps, the map name limit is 8 characters, because the instance map name is composed of 3 digits and the original map name.
  • Client-recognized instance maps require a self-reference inside the data\resnametable.txt file. Example:
[email protected]#[email protected]#
[email protected]#[email protected]#
[email protected]#[email protected]#
유저인터페이스\map\[email protected]#유저인터페이스\map\[email protected]#

Use the instance functions

There are several functions you need to familiarize yourself with:

instance_create "<name>", <party id>;
Creates an instance with the name "<name>", for the party <party id>.
Returns: Unique ID of the instance, negative number on failure.

instance_attachmap "<map name>", <instance id>[, <use basename>];
Attaches the specified map onto the instance. Optional parameter <use basename> specifies whether a map requires emulation for instancing or not (default).
Returns: Name of the map if successful, otherwise an empty string.

instance_attach <instance id>;
Attaches this instance onto the current script.

instance_set_timeout <limit>, <limit2>[, <instance id>];
<limit> is the total time the instance will stay alive, <limit2> is how long players have when they are outside of the instance until it is destroyed. If <instance id> is ommited, current instance attached to the current script is taken. If no instance attached, instance of the attached player's party is taken.

instance_init <instance id>;
Creates the instance, copying all NPCs and initializing the timer.

instance_destroy [<instance id>];
Removes the instance, destroys all NPCs on the instanced map and ends the timer. If <instance id> is ommited, current instance attached to the current script is taken. If no instance attached, instance of the attached player's party is taken.

instance_npcname "<npc name>"[, <instance id>];
Retrieves the unique address of an NPC on an instanced map. If <instance id> is ommited, current instance attached to the current script is taken. If no instance attached, instance of the attached player's party is taken.

instance_announce <instance id>, "<message>", <flag>, <color>[, <type>[, <size>[, <alignment>[, <position>]]]]];
Displays an announce inside the specified instance. If <instance id> is 0, current instance attached to the current script is taken. If no instance attached, instance of the attached player's party is taken.

has_instance "<map name>"[, <instance id>];
Checks, whether the given map is attached to the specified instance or not. If <instance id> is ommited, current instance attached to the current script is taken. If no instance attached, instance of the attached player's party is taken.
Returns: Name of the instance map if successful, otherwise an empty string.

instance_warpall "<map name>", <x>, <y>[, <instance id>];
Warps entire party, that is attached to given instance to a map at specified coordinates. If <instance id> is ommited, current instance attached to the current script is taken. If no instance attached, instance of the attached player's party is taken.

Create an instanced map

Let's say we want to instance payon, allow players 1 hour on the map, and they have 5 minutes to return before the instance is destroyed. We would do so like this:

set [email protected], instance_create("Payon instanced", getcharid(1));
if( [email protected] < 0 )
{
	mes "Failed to create the instance!";
	close;
}
if( instance_attachmap("payon", [email protected]) == "" )
{
 	instance_destroy([email protected]);
	mes "Failed to attach payon as a map!";
	close;
}
instance_attach([email protected]);
instance_set_timeout(3600, 300, [email protected]);
instance_init([email protected]);

warp "payon", 150, 150;

From the code mentioned above, allow me to iterate what each one does.

set [email protected], instance_create("Payon instanced", getcharid(1));

This piece of code creates an actual instance, returning the instances' unique ID into [email protected] getcharid(1) is obviously the character's party ID. Please remember, it's up to you to perform the necessary party checks before this function.

if( [email protected] < 0 )
{
	mes "Failed to create the instance!";
	close;
}

This checks whether an instance was actually created. Generically, this will only happen if no instance name was specified, or if there was no party ID.

if( instance_attachmap("payon", [email protected]) == "" )
{
	instance_destroy([email protected]);
	mes "Failed to attach payon as a map!";
	close;
}

If the instance fails to attach payon as an instanced map, we need to destroy the instance altogether (instance_destroy), and then we simply output that it failed.

instance_attach([email protected]);

Using this command, we attach the instance as a part of the current script. This means, instance commands which run from this point will apply to the instance we created.

instance_set_timeout(3600, 300, [email protected]);

This command tells the instance that the players who use this instance will have 1 hour (3600 seconds) to use the instance, and 5 minutes (300 seconds) until the instance is destroyed, if they leave the instanced map(s).

instance_init([email protected]);

This command will now initiate the instance. This means it will duplicate all of the NPCs from the original map to the instanced one, and will load the 'timer' display window with the name of the instance. From this point, the players will have 1 hour to use the instance.

warp "payon", 150, 150;

By default, when an instance is created and a player is asked to warp to the map, if the source picks up that an instance was created for this map, for this party, it will automatically warp the player to the instanced version of the map and not the original.

Manipulate NPCs on an instanced map

There's a very specific function which will determine how to retrieve and use NPCs. instance_npcname will change the specified NPC name from the one you want, to the one that exists on the map, dependant on the instance.

(Insert instance commands here)
instance_init([email protected]);

donpcevent instance_npcname("My duplicated NPC", instance_id()) + "::OnSomeEvent";

After instance_init has been called, we can alternately use the command instance_id which will return exactly the same thing as we stored in [email protected] The function instance_npcname effectively translated the NPC name into the specific one for the instance. "My duplicated NPC" will become the name of the NPC stored on the instance (not the one on the original map).

Broadcast on an instance map

To broadcast a message on an instanced map, there's a specific function designed for this purpose.

instance_announce(instance_id(), "Hello to the players in the instanced map!", bc_npc|bc_yellow);

Much functioning like the original announce command, this command broadcasts a message, with the flag and color settings. In order to broadcast on the map, you'll need to provide the instance ID as the first argument.

Conclusion

See doc/script_commands.txt for a couple more commands on how to instance a map, otherwise, hopefully this article should be enough to understand the concept of instancing.